Depression:- Symptoms, causes, Treatment!

Depression:- Symptoms, causes, Treatment!

What is Depression?

Depression is a mental state where a person may feels lonely all the time, feeling of sadness without any reason, feeling low, loss of interest in daily activities or physical activities,  all time worrying about yourself, suicidal thoughts without any reasons these are the most common symptoms of Depression.
According to a study of World Health Organisation(WHO) Depression is the main cause of Disability Worldwide. It is seen in all the age groups, mostly in Teenagers and also it can be seen in adults.

Today we are discussing about the most common illness of mental state Depression, and what causes it.
                                                                Also read:- 15 Foods That Lower Blood Pressure

Depression in Simple Words


Depression is also know as mood disorder or we can also say it (mood swings).
It involves feeling of loneliness and immense sadness in our mind. 

Sometimes a person 

suddenly starts feeling sad without any reason and sometimes he feels very good or seems to be normal.

How long does depression lasts

In present days Depression is most common in the major population in the world. The symptoms of Depression lasts for at least 2 weeks. Sometimes it also takes several weeks, months or years.

Symptoms and Signs of Depression

These can include:-

 ➤ reduced interests in normal activities 
➤loss of appetite                                   
➤a depressed mood                              
➤loss of sexual desire                          
➤weight loss or weight gain                
➤loss of energy                                    
➤feeling of guilt or worthiness            
➤thoughts of suicides                          
    ➤Difficulty in thinking or concentrating

In Males

These are the symptoms that most males faces during Depression. Among 9% of men in united states have feeling of Depression or Anxiety, According to American Psychological Association.

The symptoms are:-

➤  Avoiding Situation related to familiar things
➤Abusing behavior                                           
➤Easily Irritated                                               
➤Suicidal thoughts                                           
➤Always concerned about her                         
➤Feeling of judged by others                           

In Teenagers

In a study of teenagers, they found that almost 70% of teenagers are suffering from Depression.
Sounds Crazy.

Symptoms of Depression in Teenagers Or College Students:-

➤ Excessive sleeping
➤Increase or decrease in appetite(HUNGER)
➤Avoiding social situations 

In Children

The CDC estimate that, in the U.S., 3.2% of children and teens aged 3–17 have a diagnosis of depression.

The symptoms are:

➤Vocal outbursts
➤Unnecessary Crying
➤Irritable behavior    


So far, the medical community has not been able to find the causes of depression. But there are some common possible factors of Depression.

Factors that plays a big role:-

➤environmental factors
➤additional conditions, such as bipolar disorder

➤genetic features

➤psychological and social factors

➤changes in the brain's neurotransmitter levels



Depression can be treated by medical help.

Treatment:- A doctor may give you antidepressants.


Antidepressants can be used to treat depression. 

How they works:-
In our brain when there is lack of serotonin( A chemical which keeps us Happy)
Depression Occurs. So by Antidepressants the amount of serotonin will start increasing.

A person should only take these medicine on doctor prescribes.

Side effects:- 

A person may experience:-

               ➤Low blood sugar
       ➤Weight loss
                   ➤sexual dysfunction


Studies found that weight training and aerobic exercise may help relief depression.

Types of depression:-

There are several forms of depression. Below are some of the most common types.

Major depression

A person with major depression experiences a constant state of sadness. They may lose interest in activities that they used to enjoy.

Treatment usually involves medication and psychotherapy.

Persistent depressive disorder

Also known as dysthymia, persistent depressive disorder causes symptoms that last for at least 2 years.

A person with this disorder may have episodes of major depression as well as milder symptoms.

Bipolar disorder

Depression is a common symptom of bipolar disorder, and research shows that people with this disorder may have symptoms around half of the time. This can make bipolar disorder hard to distinguish from depression.

What does bipolar disorder involve, and what types are there? Find out here.

Psychotic depression

Some people experience psychosis with depression.

Psychosis can involve delusions, such as false beliefs and a detachment from reality. It can also involve hallucinations — sensing things that do not exist.

Postpartum depression

After giving birth, many women experience what some people call the "baby blues." When hormone levels readjust after childbirth, changes in mood can result.

Postpartum depression, or postnatal depression, is more severe.

There is no single cause for this type of depression, and it can persist for months or years. Anyone who experiences ongoing depression after delivery should seek medical attention.

Thanks for reading!
Have a nice day!

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